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Mingzhen Zhang, Buwei Cao, Hui Zhang, Zaifeng Fan, Xueping Zhou*, Fangfang Li*. Geminivirus satellite-encoded βC1 activates UPR, induces bZIP60 nuclear export, and manipulates the expression of bZIP60 downstream genes to benefit virus infection. Science China-Life Sciences, 2022.

文章来源:        点击数: 次      发布时间:2022-11-30

Abstract

UPR is a conserved response in eukaryotes and can alleviate endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stresses induced by abiotic and biotic stresses. The interactions between UPR and plant RNA viruses have been documented, while the interplays between UPR and plant DNA viruses remain unknown. Using tomato yellow leaf curl China virus (TYLCCNV) and its associated betasatellite (TYLCCNB) as a model, we indicate that TYLCCNB βC1 is a major inducer of UPR and can upregulate the expression of  bZIP60 , a transcription factor in  Nicotiana benthamiana plants. Treatment using ER stress inducers or overexpression of  NbbZIP60 increases βC1 accumulation and benefits TYLCCNV/TYLCCNB infection in  N. benthamiana plants, and vice versa. In the TYLCCNV/TYLCCNB-infected or the βC1-expressing cells, NbbZIP60 is exported from the nucleus to the nuclear periphery via the XPO1 pathway, and blocking the XPO1 pathway inhibited TYLCCNV/TYLCCNB infection. We have found that the NbbZIP60-regulated pro-survival genes could promote virus infection, and the pro-death gene plays a contrasting role in virus infection. This study reveals that geminivirus infection activates UPR and utilizes the up-regulated molecular chaperons to promote viral infection, and then induces the nuclear export of NbbZIP60 to evade plant defense response, which is a distinct virulence strategy exploited by plant pathogens.


Science China-Life Sciences, IF: 10.372

http://engine.scichina.com/doi/10.1007/s11427-022-2196-y